Biology G — General Botany Prerequisites: Biology G This course is designed to satisfy the major requirements for an Associate or Baccalaureate degree in the Biological Sciences. Biology G complements Biology G and G as the third of three in a sequence of survey courses. Biology G and Mathematics G or G or G or G or G, or Mathematics Placement Assessment A survey of extant living organisms including physiological and anatomical adaptations of organisms in response to their environment.
General considerations Basic concepts Interest in how information is communicated and how its carriers convey meaning has occupied, since the time of pre-Socratic philosophers, the field of inquiry called semioticsthe study of signs and sign phenomena.
Signs are the irreducible elements of communication and the the invention of writing animation scripts of meaning. The American philosopher, mathematician, and physicist Charles S.
Peirce is credited with having pointed out the three dimensions of signs, which are concerned with, respectively, the body or medium of the sign, the object that the sign designates, and the interpretant or interpretation of the sign.
Peirce recognized that the fundamental relations of information are essentially triadic; in contrast, all relations of the physical sciences are reducible to dyadic binary relations. Another American philosopher, Charles W.
Morrisdesignated these three sign dimensions syntactic, semantic, and pragmaticthe names by which they are known today. Information processes are executed by information processors.
For a given information processor, whether physical or biological, a token is an object, devoid of meaning, that the processor recognizes as being totally different from other tokens. Objects that carry meaning are represented by patterns of tokens called symbols.
The latter combine to form symbolic expressions that constitute inputs to or outputs from information processes and are stored in the processor memory. Information processors are components of an information system, which is a class of constructs. An abstract model of an information system features four basic elements: The processor has several functions: The memory stores symbolic expressions, including those that represent composite information processes, called programs.
The two other components, the receptor and the effectorare input and output mechanisms whose functions are, respectively, to receive symbolic expressions or stimuli from the external environment for manipulation by the processor and to emit the processed structures back to the environment.
The power of this abstract model of an information-processing system is provided by the ability of its component processors to carry out a small number of elementary information processes: The model, which is representative of a broad variety of such systems, has been found useful to explicate man-made information systems implemented on sequential information processors.
Because it has been recognized that in nature information processes are not strictly sequential, increasing attention has been focused since on the study of the human brain as an information processor of the parallel type.
The cognitive sciencesthe interdisciplinary field that focuses on the study of the human mind, have contributed to the development of neurocomputers, a new class of parallel, distributed-information processors that mimic the functioning of the human brainincluding its capabilities for self-organization and learning.
So-called neural networkswhich are mathematical models inspired by the neural circuit network of the human brain, are increasingly finding applications in areas such as pattern recognition, control of industrial processes, and finance, as well as in many research disciplines.
Information as a resource and commodity In the late 20th century, information acquired two major utilitarian connotations. On the one hand, it is considered an economic resource, somewhat on par with other resources such as labour, material, and capital.
This view stems from evidence that the possession, manipulation, and use of information can increase the cost-effectiveness of many physical and cognitive processes.
The rise in information-processing activities in industrial manufacturing as well as in human problem solving has been remarkable. Analysis of one of the three traditional divisions of the economy, the service sectorshows a sharp increase in information-intensive activities since the beginning of the 20th century.
By these activities accounted for half of the labour force of the United States. As an individual and societal resource, information has some interesting characteristics that separate it from the traditional notions of economic resources.
Unlike other resources, information is expansive, with limits apparently imposed only by time and human cognitive capabilities. Its expansiveness is attributable to the following: At the same time, information is compressible, both syntactically and semantically.
Coupled with its ability to be substituted for other economic resources, its transportability at very high speeds, and its ability to impart advantages to the holder of information, these characteristics are at the base of such societal industries as research, education, publishing, marketing, and even politics.
Societal concern with the husbanding of information resources has extended from the traditional domain of libraries and archives to encompass organizational, institutional, and governmental information under the umbrella of information resource management.STAND BY SOMETHING: " to continue doing what you said you would when you made a decision, agreement, or promise", " to continue to believe that something you have said before is still true".
Movie scripts, Movie screenplays Original Unproduced Scripts. A showcase of original scripts from the hottest writers on the 'net. Improv, short for Improvisation, is the act of going off-roading from the set script and making up entire chunks of dialogue or characterisation. Well first i shall begin by saying im glad i knew both the japanese and english meaning to these words.
As far as anime/Anime and manga/Manga goes i think most will either ignore you for calling it cartoon or comics and then you get the few who might arguee back that its not. Gargoyles is a rare breed of a show, particularly for The '90s. A dark, violent Western cartoon with a story that follows deliberate arcs and does things .
The Incas was the largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian era. This civilization flourished in the areas of present-day Ecuador, Peru, and Chile and had its administrative, military and political center located at Cusco which lies in modern-day Peru.