Other notable minorities in Japan include Brazilians and Filipinos. The first large influx of such foreigners occurred in the s, when the Japanese government adopted a policy to give scholarships to large numbers of foreign students to study at Japanese universities. In addition, as the Japanese economy grew quickly in the s, a sizable number of Westerners began coming to Japan.
I was impressed by their enthusiasm, but concerned by their surprise at the pervasiveness of health disparities. Two questions came to mind. Second, what are psychologists doing to democratize our knowledge of health disparities so that we break the cycle of historical under-representation of certain ethnic-racial groups in health legislation?
However, the social benefits of our heterogeneous society are overshadowed by the reality that stigmatized ethnic-racial groups carry a disproportionate burden of negative health outcomes. For example, Hispanics and African Americans are more likely than White Americans to be obese, which is a risk factor for a variety of chronic physical health conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
Furthermore, Hispanics, African Americans, and Native Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of hypertension and some cancers. Finally, Black and Hispanic American adults are less likely to rely on a private physician for their medical care than White American adults, and the overall quality of healthcare received by Hispanics, African Americans, Asians and Native American tends to be worse than that received by White Americans.
These differences in the burden of health conditions and the quality of health care experienced by socially Racial and ethnic issues relative to socially advantaged groups are referred to as health disparities. The issue of health disparities draws the attention of medical doctors and scientific researchers alike because they are not generic health differences, but rather systematic health inequities targeting groups with relatively low position in the social status hierarchy.
Why does race remain an important public policy issue? How do racial issues affect Hispanics compared to African Americans? There are significant differences between the two groups. Yahoo Directory on Racial and Ethnic Issues. Wikipedia - Race and Crime. Wikipedia - Racial Segregation. Critical Issues Forum. The Critical Issues Forum is a series of occasional reports addressing progessive racial justice issues in philanthropy. The Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities' vision is to reduce and eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities through partnership, education, and advocacy. Racial Justice and Equity Project at the Peace and Justice Center.
This low status is a function of the unequal distribution of social, economic, and environmental resources. Poverty, inadequate health care, less educationgreater residential segregation, and lack of access to healthy foods are among the resource-based variables that leave individuals vulnerable to poor health.
Individuals who identity as African American, Hispanic, and Native American are less likely than those who are White American to possess these tangible resources necessary for good health. To empirically demonstrate the existence of health disparities and their underlying psychological processes is motivation enough for research psychologists.
The issue of health disparities is about social justice because every person should have the right to enjoy optimal health regardless of their ethnic-racial identification.
The United States has played a historical role in addressing social justice issues. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act, and the American with Disabilities Act are examples in which social issues drove our government to reject or protect its citizens from institutional forms of bias.
The present social issue is health disparities, and like the issues that came before it, this issue is about justice. Social justice principles are driven by the belief that all human beings regardless of their ethnic-racial background should be afforded basic, equal, and fair rights. One such right should be the opportunity to live a healthy life because it enables citizens to work, participate in government and political activities, and enjoy their personal lives and relationships.
Health disparities are an injustice because they limit the ability of certain social groups to function optimally in society. It is unfair that stigmatized individuals who suffer poor health should be further disadvantaged by their inability to enjoy a host of social benefits and privileges.
April is National Minority Health Month. It is an opportunity to remind psychology that the burden of translating laboratory and community-setting research into public policy recommendations lies on the shoulders of psychological scientists.
His research focuses on the implicit social cognitive processes underlying stereotyping and prejudice, and how they shape the self, identity, and health of stigmatized individuals.Race and Ethnicity. voter suppression tactics have contributed to a consistent gap in voter turnout between the AI/AN community and other racial and .
But in the end, I believe that one racial/ethnic issue in particular is even more significant than the others. This issue has become a underlying political, economic, and cultural dynamic that has exacerbated, intensified, and reinforced the effects of the other three that I mentioned above.
For good and for bad, they further brought many underlying racial issues to the surface of American society and resulted in both more cohesion and divisions across racial/ethnic lines. That issue — the most significant racial/ethnic issue of . Socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity have been associated with avoidable procedures, avoidable hospitalizations, and untreated disease (Fiscella, Franks, Gold, & Clancy, ).
At each level of income or education, African-Americans have worse outcomes than Whites. Panel I-The Issues, addressed militarization, ethnic & racial dynamics of sentencing and their impact on criminal justice outcomes.
Panel II- Community Perspective and Solutions examined the historical and systemic issues associated with crime and the response of police to those communities most affected by crime.
Racial and ethnic issues; gender issues: surveys (a) In General.-(1) The Secretary of Defense shall carry out four surveys in accordance with this section to identify and assess racial and ethnic issues and discrimination, and to identify and assess gender issues and discrimination, among members of .