Production subsidy[ edit ] A production subsidy encourages suppliers to increase the output of a particular product by partially offsetting the production costs or losses. This type of subsidy is predominantly found in developed markets.
It fought for the rights of black women and participated in civil disobedience campaigns. Africa Fund - U.
The ANC was banned in by the Afrikaner government, but continued to function in exile and underground inside South Africa. The ANC is the dominant political party in South Africa, having won more than two-thirds of the vote in the national elections. African nationalism - The belief in and promotion of an African cultural identity and African political and economic power.
Africanization - Due to economic fluctuations in the price of gold, mine owners sought to keep profits high by replacing expensive white workers with black laborers. The changes frustrated working class whites, who petitioned for greater job security and further segregation.
By the s, much of the labor in mines, industry, and domestic work was preformed by blacks. Afrikaans - A language derived from Dutch that developed among the white, Khoisan, and slave populations of the Cape Colony. Afrikaans was recognized as an official language in and was further developed with the rise of Afrikaner nationalism and apartheid.
Afrikaner Broederbond - A secret society established in that promoted Afrikaner ethnic nationalism in South African society. Many Afrikaner politicians including every prime minister during apartheidmilitary personnel, churchmen, academics, journalists, and other professionals were Broederbond members.
It is still in existence today.
It advocated the creation of an independent Afrikaner state. American Committee on Africa - An American organization established indedicated to supporting liberation movements in Africa and informing the American public about African affairs.
Amnesty - A complete and full pardon, removing all legal memory of an offense. Anti-apartheid movement - A general name for the international movement to oppose white minority rule in South Africa. In some countries, such as the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, and West Germany, there were national organizations by this name.
In the United States, the anti-apartheid movement comprised many national and local organizations. A policy of racial segregation introduced by the National Party after its electoral victory in It created a highly stratified society in which whites dominated politically, economically, and socially at the expense of blacks.
See also Petty apartheid and Grand apartheid. Australopithecines Australopithecus - A group of early hominids closely related to humans that lived million years ago.
Remains of Australopithecus Africanus have been found only in southern Africa. Azania is used as an African name for South Africa. AZAPO never gained a large membership. Bantu - A term used to describe a family of languages spoken mainly in southern and eastern Africa.
It comes from the stem for the noun—ntu person pl. Bantu Education - Educational system for Africans designed to fit them for their role in apartheid society.
Verwoerd and made law with the Bantu Education Act ofBantu Education placed the apartheid government in control of African education. Financing for Bantu Education was removed from the general government budget and linked instead directly to the taxes paid by Africans, which resulted in far less money spent on educating black children than white children.
Widespread poverty in these areas helped employers secure a supply of cheap black labor. Today, all South Africans have political rights in a unified country, and Bantustans no longer exist.
Black Sash - Founded inthis organization of white women began by promoting respect for the constitution and protesting the loss of voting rights for Coloureds. The Black Sash established Advice Offices in urban centers to assist Africans with many issues, particularly the pass laws.
Black Sash members also became involved in protesting forced removals, monitoring pass courts, and being a presence at political funerals in the s.
British justice - A set of beliefs that focus on human rights, legal representation, and the right to a fair trial.Page 5 of 11 Center for Public Policy & Administration vetconnexx.com Benefits of Public Funding of Sports Stadiums The benefits of a new stadium can be .
Of the top four uses for electric vehicle fleets, three are utilized by local governments and municipalities, according to the experts at vetconnexx.com government electric vehicle fleets are helping to lead the way for a future less dependent on fossil fuels.
Jul 19, · Most states have enacted some type of reform over the past decade to shore up their pension funds for the future.
But such changes have typically done little to . A stadium subsidy is a type of government subsidy given to professional sports franchises to help finance the construction or with funding for professional sports stadiums coming from private sources.
Twenty-seven of the 30 stadiums built between and received more than $ million in total public funding for. He hemmed and hawed about public relations and the high cost of a stadium and its many alleged benefits for a city like Minneapolis, finally explicitly making his ask for cash — an ask Ventura.
Jan 31, · With the Super Bowl tomorrow being played in a stadium built with public money, the discussion of whether or when state and local governments should (help) pay for sports stadiums .