Pd 27 the emancipation decree of marcos. Once submitted it is an authority in itself to send it. Agrarian reformsss, gsisEvery meeting No recitation Discuss 3 absent there must be permission from dean largo to get back to the classRead in advance whatever discussion for the day especially the cases in agrarian reform. Feel free to ask questions anytime.
Africa, Namibia Land reform similarities in S. Populist pressure, fears around the trajectory of the economy and uncertainty about how the process will be administered in Namibia have been the talking points, including among investors.
First it is important to understand the similarities between the two countries. Both have a segregationist history and inequality is still dominated across racial lines.
Both countries have key elections in with incumbent governments facing dissatisfaction around the slow pace of transformation much of which can be attributed to their own inefficiency rather than legislative prohibitions.
It is in this context that the current clamour around the respective land debates needs to be understood. Current land policies have failed to launch in both countries — evidenced by land ownership statistics, which remain racially skewed. Namibia is no different. According to the Namibia Land Statistics report, domestic and foreign white citizens own about 70 percent of commercial or freehold agricultural farmland.
In both countries, whites account for less than 10 percent of the total population.
Statistics also show that despite commitments to transforming the nature of land ownership in both countries to better reflect population demographics, not enough has changed. Many of their ongoing socio-economic challenges can be traced to this.
In both countries, the issue is less about land itself, and more about inclusion, dignity and the need for general redress. Land is the lightning rod representing dissatisfaction with the status quo, and unhappiness with a lack of economic opportunities and the racialised economic structure of both economies.
The issue also carries political currency in each context, particularly as elections approach. The political pressures for reform also vary in intensity, which might explain the difference in approach, specifically towards expropriation without compensation.
In South Africa, land reform has become a political football between the ANC whose grip on power is now less assured, and the rival leftist Economic Freedom Fighters EFFwhich sought to capitalise on land reform as an emotive electoral issue.
This has required tactful manoeuvring by Ramaphosa in a bid to retain this electoral golden ticket, which if incorrectly pursued could have adverse economic and socio-political consequences. The proposals will now go before Parliament. Despite being an election year and land reform being high on the agenda, SWAPO controls 80 percent of the national assembly.
This absence of political pressure has allowed Geingob to skirt around contentious measures like expropriation without compensation. As resolved during the October 1 land conference, Namibia will discontinue the willing-buyer-willing-seller principle in favour of an expropriative policy that is enabled by the existing constitution.
Although broached during the conference, Namibia — unlike South Africa — has made no firm commitment towards a constitutional amendment.
While there might be differences in the push for extreme measures, any such possibility is constrained in both countries by market-related considerations. In South Africa, a predominantly agriculture-driven technical recession renders any radical expropriative policy unviable, and would send negative messages to weary markets.
This is possibly why Ramaphosa has spoken against arbitrary land grabs and the nationalisation of land. Instead, he has maintained that his administration would undertake a considered approach that prioritises state-owned land for redistribution. Also, foreigners will be prohibited from purchasing underdeveloped residential land.Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land or broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.
Despite the series of land reform initiatives that occurred over the past century, effective access to land by the rural poor remains a serious problem in most developing countries today.
2 State-led land reforms have been perceived to be too problematic and too costly to implement, and their strategic impact has been questioned.
Thus, an. Stolypin land reform, (–17), measures undertaken by the Russian government to allow peasants to own land vetconnexx.com aim was to encourage industrious peasants to acquire their own land, and ultimately to create a class of prosperous, conservative, small farmers that would be a stabilizing influence in the countryside and would support the autocracy.
AGRARIAN REFORM Agrarian Reform is very significant for the economy of any country because more than half of the population is employed in the agricultural vetconnexx.comlture is the main source of livelihood especially for the developing countries.
Reforms are important because they protect the rights of the farmers. Definition of Agrarian Reform Agrarian Reform could be defined as the.
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (Ra , As Amended) Ateneo Civil Digests. lbp yap. Pointers in Agrarian Reform: I. Revolutionary kind of expropriation (Confed v DAR) II. RA 1. Documents Similar To Pointers Agra AY The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (Ra , As Amended) Uploaded by.
relating to land or to the ownership or division of land; of agriculture or farmers generally; promoting land reform or the interests of farmers · a person who advocates agrarian reform, esp. a more equitable division of land.