Visit Website Did you know? On November 1,two Puerto Rican pro-independence activists tried to assassinate President Truman at the Blair House in Washington, where he was living while the White House was under renovation.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues.
America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known. American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight.
American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion.
A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man. For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan. Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made.
The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized. In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness.
Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away. Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished.
On August 14,the Japanese surrendered. A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race. Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary.
The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians. On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell.
Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually. Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives. The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly. Regardless, the United States remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another nation.
Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military. A Normandy-type amphibious landing would have cost an estimated million casualties. Truman believed that the bombs saved Japanese lives as well. Prolonging the war was not an option for the President. Over 3, Japanese kamikaze raids had already wrought great destruction and loss of American lives.
The President rejected a demonstration of the atomic bomb to the Japanese leadership. He knew there was no guarantee the Japanese would surrender if the test succeeded, and he felt that a failed demonstration would be worse than none at all. Even the scientific community failed to foresee the awful effects of radiation sickness.
Truman saw little difference between atomic bombing Hiroshima and fire bombing Dresden or Tokyo.The Decision to Drop the Bomb. Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Josef Stalin meet at the Potsdam Conference.
and even the diary entries of the President and the Secretary of War regarding Truman's decision to bomb Japan in late A photo of the Enola Gay, the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, is included. Watch video · Harry S. Truman was born in Missouri on May 8, He was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s vice president for just 82 days before Roosevelt died and Truman became the 33rd president.
Correspondence Between Frederick Brown Harris and Harry S. Truman May 8, View (3 pages) | State Department Overview of Korean Situtation June 28, View (4 pages) Memo Regarding Instructions to General Douglas MacArthur At the Outbreak of the Korean War ca.
June, View (1 page) |. US Enters the Korean Conflict (Originally published in Social Education, the Journal of the National Council for the Social Studies).
Background While the end of World War II brought peace and prosperity to most Americans, it also created a heightened state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States. The decision to use the atomic bomb: Less than two weeks after being sworn in as president, Harry S. Truman received a long report from Secretary of War Henry L.
Stimson. “Within four months,” it began, “we shall in all probability have completed the most terrible weapon ever known in human history.” Truman’s decision to use the. A fine place to find quotes, biographies, links, and even the diary entries of the President and the Secretary of War regarding Truman's decision to bomb Japan in late A photo of the Enola Gay, the plane that dropped the .